[Seminar] Beyond Approximate Computing: Quality-Scalability for Low-Power Embedded Systems and Machine Learning

김영현 (Younghyun Kim)
Date: 
Thursday, December 2nd 2021, 4:00pm - Thursday, December 2nd 2021, 5:30pm
Location: 
302동 308호 (Online seminar using Zoom)
호스트: 하순회 교수

Summary

Energy efficiency is one of the most crucial design constraints of modern computing systems, which dictates performance, lifetime, form factor, and cost. For decades, energy efficiency improvements have largely been driven by Moore’s law until the 2000s. For the last decade, however, technology scaling has slowed down, and with the prediction of the “end of Moore’s law” in the near future, technology scaling-driven energy efficiency improvement is coming to an end. "Approximate computing" is a new paradigm to accomplish energy-efficient computing in this twilight of Moore’s law by relaxing the exactness requirement of computation results for intrinsically error-resilient applications, such as deep learning and signal processing, and producing results that are “just good enough.” It exploits that the output quality of such error-resilient applications is not fundamentally degraded even if the underlying computations are greatly approximated. This favorable energy-quality tradeoff opens up new opportunities to improve the energy efficiency of computing, and a large body of approximate computing methods for energy-efficient "data processing" have been proposed. In this talk, I will introduce approximate computing methods to accomplish "full-system energy-quality scalability." It extends the scope of approximation from the processor to other system components including sensors, interconnects, etc., for energy-efficient "data generation" and "data transfer" to fully exploit the energy-quality tradeoffs across the entire system. I will also discuss how approximate computing can benefit the implementation of machine learning on ultra low-power embedded systems.

* 온라인줌 링크: https://snu-ac-kr.zoom.us/j/4220306154

Speaker Bio

Prof. Younghyun Kim is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering and the Department of Computer Sciences (Affiliate), and an ECE Grainger Faculty Scholar at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, where leads the Wisconsin Embedded Systems and Computing (WISEST) Laboratory. Prof. Kim received his B.S. degree in computer science and engineering and his Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering and computer science from Seoul National University in 2007 and 2013, respectively. He was a Postdoctoral Research Assistant at Purdue University and a visiting scholar at the University of Southern California. His current research interests include energy-efficient computing and security and privacy of the Internet-of-Things. Prof. Kim was a recipient of several awards, including the NSF Faculty Early Career Development Program (CAREER) Award (2019), Facebook Research Award (2021), IEEE Micro Top Pick (2020), the EDAA Outstanding Dissertation Award (2013), and the Design Contest Award at the ACM/IEEE International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design (ISLPED) (2007, 2012, 2017, and 2018). He served on the Technical Program Committees of various conferences on design automation and embedded systems, including the Design Automation Conference (DAC), ISLPED, Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference (ASP-DAC), International Conference on VLSI Design (VLSID), and Symposium on Applied Computing (SAC). He served as a Guest Editor for a Special Issue of VLSI Integration Journal (Elsevier). He is a Member of IEEE and ACM.